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Home / Must Have Tests / Test during pregnancy to help predict Pre-eclampsia

Test during pregnancy to help predict Pre-eclampsia

According to the latest scientific study, it will now be possible to predict during pregnancy, if a woman will develop the potentially fatal disorder called pre-eclampsia or not.

According to the latest scientific study, it will now be possible to predict during pregnancy, if a woman will develop the potentially fatal disorder called pre-eclampsia or not.

pregnant woman
pregnant woman

The researchers of Mayo Clinic, have discovered a simple test, performed on women during pregnancy to help predict the possibility of pre-eclampsia in future. This is a urine test through which scientists were able to detect presence of certain type of kidney cells. The presence of these kidney cells in the urine indicated pre-eclampsia.

During the course of their study, scientists tested 300 pregnant women for the disorder. It was found that out of the 15 women who developed the disorder during later phases of their pregnancy; had all tested positive for these kidney cells in their test.

During pre-eclampsia, which causes excess release of proteins in the urine and results in high blood pressure in the patient; kidney cells called podocytes are shed into the urine.
Podocytes were found in the urine of all 15 pregnant women who later developed pre-eclampsia after birth of their babies. However, none of the other women showed any signs of podocytes in their urine.

Speaking about the importance of such a test, Ann Marie Barnard, chief executive of Action on Pre-Eclampsia, said:

“A large number of the 1,500 women who call our helpline each year are terrified of becoming pregnant again because they have suffered pre-eclampsia, often with tragic results. Many do decide to go ahead with a new pregnancy anyway.

“Any test which can predict whether they are going to get it again has to be welcomed – while it cannot stop the disease occurring, it would enable services to be more closely focused on them and more alert to signs of the disease developing.”

While researchers understand the need to carry out these tests on a larger population before their reliability can be established; they are also confident of the accuracy of the test results and believe that such an accurate test will be very beneficial in predicting pre-eclampsia timely.

The study was presented to the American Society of Nephrology.

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