Sweating is normal. Excessive sweating is not. Read on for more details.
Sweating is a good thing. It brings out the toxins in the body and helps in detoxification. However, too much sweating might be a cause of worry. It could mean a lot of things, especially in kids.
The problem of excessive sweating is most common in toddlers. But since little children indulge in a lot of physical activities, not much attention is paid when children sweat too much. Parents need to understand the implications and causes of excessive sweating and take timely precautions in order to avoid complications.
Understanding excessive sweating
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Excessive sweating is a condition known as Hyperhidrosis. Sweat glands in the body become active when there is a drastic difference in internal and external body temperature. So, when you have fever or when the temperature outside becomes too high, sweat glands produce sweat in order to cool the body and regulate body temperature. However, in people who suffer from hyperhidrosis, sweat glands do not stop producing sweat.
Causes of hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating can be caused due to certain kinds of medication, continued stress and deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body. The condition is also linked to hereditary factors, although, there is no scientific evidence for it.
Basically, there are two major reasons for hyperhidrosis. Firstly, the nerves that send a signal to the sweat glands to start sweating when the body is overheated become hyperactive and send unnecessary signals. Secondly, the glands themselves become hyperactive and produce sweat continuously.
Types of hyperhydrosis
There are two kinds of hyperhidrosis – primary hyperhidrosis and secondary hyperhidrosis.
- Primary hyperhidrosis is caused when eccrine sweat glands begin to work overtime. Sweating is excessive on the palms, armpits, feet and face. This is the condition that is normally found in children. Hormonal changes during puberty can also cause excessive sweating.
- Secondary hyperhidrosis usually occurs in people above 25 years of age. Medication, pregnancy, inherent diseases such Parkinson’s, arthritis and diabetes and hormonal imbalance are the most common causes of secondary hyperhidrosis.
Cures for hyperhidrosis
The problem of excessive sweating can be cured with the help of medication. However, the doctor will want to eliminate other causes of excessive sweating such as nutritional deficiency. Usually, a blood test is performed on the child to evaluate nutritional content. If found deficient in certain nutrients, supplements are prescribed for treatment.
If nutritional content is perfectly normal, the dermatologist tests for hyperhidrosis. If results are positive, the child is put on medication called anticholinergics. In more severe cases, iontophoresis treatment is administered. For excessive underarm sweating, botox injections are given.
During the course of treatment, strong antiperspirants containing aluminum are prescribed in order to curb the side effects such as bad odor. If the condition cannot be curtailed through these treatments, surgery is the last resort. Dermatologists decide between two kinds of surgeries – thoracic sympathectomy and removal of sweat glands.
It is essential to get the problem cured during childhood since severe sweating can cause loss of salts, water and nutrients from the body and cause other side effects such as low blood pressure, constant fatigue and nutritional deficiency.
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