A recent study revealed that 31 percent of children suspected of having high risk of developing Autism Spectrum Disorder-ASD at their age of 12 months were diagnosed with the disorder by their age of three years.
The study conducted by a team of researchers at the University Of North Carolina School Of Medicine also found out that 85 percent of children having risks of developing ASD had other developmental disabilities or concerns by their age of three years.
The team collected information on one year olds from the First-Year-Inventory-FYI which is a parent-report questionnaire used to screen and identify children who might be at a risk of developing ASD or other developmental disorders. Parents of almost 699 infants filled this questionnaire when their infants were one year old and subsequently when they were three years old.Parents of infants suspected as having risk of developing ASD were called for diagnostic evaluations.
Grace Baranek, PhD who is an autism researcher associated with Program for Early Autism, Research, Leadership and Services-PEARLS at the department of Allied Sciences located at the UNC School of Medicine said that the findings of the study indicate that a large majority of children who screen positive during the FYI tests have been found to experience some delay in the development till they reach an age of three years. Sometimes, this slowdown may require early intervention.
Lauren Turner brown, PhD and researcher with PEARLS and Carolina Institute for Developmental Studies added that using the FYI tests for identifying risk of developing ASD when the infant is an year old could provide the parents and the affected infants a fair chance for intervention services months or years before detecting the same using traditional diagnosis.
The findings of the study are both encouraging and promising with respect to use of parent-report questionnaire or FYI tool for screening and identifying risk of ASD in 12-month old infants which might eventually be diagnosed by their age of three.
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